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Victor Dementiev 

On the example of microelectronics development in the USA the role of already existing branches in development of new technologies is shown. At considerable lag from world technological leaders the economy can get to “a structural trap”. It is reasonable to declare such a trap when already existing branches can’t successfully compete with foreign fi rms, and the new technologies have no development without support from the demand of these branches. To escape a structural trap, the active state economic policy has to be based on the combined strategy of development maximizing synergy effect from modernization of lagging behind branches and formation of new productions.

technological development, innovations, microelectronics, long waves, general purpose technologies
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