Table of contents
Publication type
The article compares both theories - of social norm emergence and social norm interpretations - that are widespread in economics including game theory, sociology, psychology, law and agent- based simulation. Particular attention has been given to the modelization potential of the addressed theories that depends on mostly the presentation of the theories and to a degree they are formalized. Despite the variety of approaches and interpretations in different sciences a strong mutual influence is obvious. This observation helps us to bring out a common mechanism of social norm formation which is described in the concluding part of the paper. The results will be of help in understanding and simulating, primarily within agent-based paradigm, socio-economic interrelations.
institution, social norm, game theory equilibrium, personal norm, convention, behavior, sanction, agent-based modelling
Date of publication
Number of purchasers
Readers community rating
0.0 (0 votes)
Cite Download pdf 100 RUB / 1.0 SU

To download PDF you should sign in

Full text is available to subscribers only
Subscribe right now
Only article
100 RUB / 1.0 SU
Whole issue
0 RUB /  SU
All issues for
0 RUB /  SU


Additional sources and materials

Val'tukh K.K. (1973). Udovletvorenie potrebnostej obschestva i modelirovanie narodnogo khozyajstva. Novosibirsk: Nauka (Sibirskoe otdelenie).

Veblen T. (2010). Teoriya prazdnogo klassa. M.: Librokom.

Granberg A.G. (1988). Modelirovanie sotsialisticheskoj ehkonomiki. M.: Ehkonomika.

Istratov V.A. (2009). Agento-orientirovannaya model' povedeniya cheloveka: ne v den'gakh schast'e? // Ehkonomika i matematicheskie metody. T. 45. № 1. C. 129-140.   

Kantorovich L.V., Makarov V.L. (1971). Upravlyayuschie parametry v ehkonomicheskoj sisteme. V sb.: "V Vsesoyuznoe soveschanie po problemam upravleniya (Moskva, 1971 g.). Referaty dokladov". Chast' I. M.: Nauka.

Tejlor Sh., Piplo L., Sirs D. (2004). Sotsial'naya psikhologiya. SPb.: Piter.

Axelrod R. (1986). An Evolutionary Approach to Norms // The American Political Science Review. Vol. 80. No. 4. P. 1095-1111.

Boella G., Torre L. van der, Verhagen H. (2008). Introduction to the Special Issue on Normative Multiagent Systems // Autonomous Agents and Multi-Agent Systems. Vol. 17. No. 1. P. 1-10.

Cialdini R.B., Trost M.R. (1998). Social Influence: Social Norms, Conformity, and Compliance. In: "The handbook of social psychology"Gilbert D.T., Fiske S.T., Lindzey G. (eds.). Vol. 2. Boston: McGraw-Hill. P. 151-192.

Coleman J.S. (1990). Foundations of Social Theory. Cambridge: Belknap Press.

Conte R., Castelfranchi C. (1993). Norms as Mental Objects: from Normative Beliefs to Normative Goals. In: "Reasoning about Mental States: Formal Theories & Applications. Technical Report SS-93-05" Horty J., Shoham Y. (eds.).

Menlo Park: The AAAI Press. P. 40-47.

Conte R., Castelfranchi C. (1995). Understanding the Functions of Norms in Social Groups Through Simulation. In: Gilbert N., Conte R. (eds.) "Artificial Societies: the Computer Simulation of Social Life". L.: UCL Press. P. 252-267.

Cooter R.D. (1996). Decentralized Law for a Complex Economy: the Structural Approach to Adjudicating the New Law Merchant // University of Pennsylvania Law Review. Vol. 144. No. 5. P. 1643-1696.

Elsenbroich C., Gilbert N. (2014). Modelling Norms. Dordrecht: Springer Science, Business Media.

Ellickson R.C. (2001). The Market for Social Norms // American Law and Economics Review. Vol. 3. No. 1. P. 1-49.

Elster J. (1989). Social Norms and Economic Theory //Journal of Economic Perspectives. Vol. 3. No. 4. P. 99-117.

Epstein J.M. (2001). Learning to be Thoughtless: Social Norms and Individual Computation // Computational Economics. Vol. 18. No. 1. P. 9-24.   

Fishbein M., Ajzen I. (1975). Belief, Attitude, intention, and Behavior: an Introduction to Theory and Research. Reading: Addison-Wesley

Horne C. (2001). Sociological Perspective on the Emergence of Social Norms. In: M. Hechter, K.-D. Opp (eds.) "Social norms". N.Y.: Russell Sage Foundation. P. 3-35.

Kameda T., Takezawa M., Hastie R. (2005). Where Do Social Norms Come from? The Example of Communal Sharing // Current Directions in Psychological Science. Vol. 14. No. 6. P. 331-334.

Kenrick D.T., Li N.P., Butner J. (2003). Dynamical Evolutionary Psychology: Individual Decision Rules and Emergent Social Norms // Psychological Review. Vol. 110. No. 1. P. 3-28.   

Latane B. (1996). Dynamic Social Impact: the Creation of Culture by Communication // Journal of Communication. Vol. 46. No. 4. P. 13-25.   

McAdams R.H. (1997). The Origin, Development, and Regulation of Norms // Michigan Law Review. Vol. 96. No. 2. P. 338-433.

Nelson R.R., Sampat B.N. (2001). Making Sense of Institutions as a Factor Shaping Economic Performance // Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization. Vol. 44. P. 31-54.

North D. (1991). Institutions // Journal of Economic Perspectives. Vol. 5. No. 1. P. 97-112.

Opp K.-D. (2001). How Do Norms Emerge? An Outline of a Theory // Mind and Society. Vol. 2. No. 3. P. 101-128.

Savarimuthu B.T.R., Cranefield S. (2011). Norm Creation, Spreading and Emergence: a Survey of Simulation Models of Norms in Multi-Agent Systems // Multiagent and Grid Systems. Vol. 7. No. 1. P. 21-54.

Schotter A., Schwodiauer G. (1980). Economics and the Theory of Games: a Survey // Journal of Economic Literature. Vol. 18. No. 2. P. 479-527.

Schwartz S.H. (1977). Normative Influences on Altruism IIAdvances in Experimental Social Psychology. Vol. 10. P. 221-279.

Shoham Y., Tennenholtz M. (1995). On Social Laws for Artificial Agent Societies: Off-Line Design // Artificial Intelligence. Vol. 73. No. 1-2. P. 231-252.   

Svensson M. (2013). Norms in Law and Society: Towards a Definition of the Socio-Legal Concept of Norms. In: "Social and Legal Norms" Baier M. (ed.). London: Ashgate. P. 39-52.

Trafimow D., Finlay K.A. (1996). The Importance of Subjective Norms for a Minority of People: Between- Subjects and Within-Subjects Analyses // Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. Vol. 22. P. 820-828.

Young H.P. (2008). Social Norms. In: "The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics". Blume L., Durlauf S.N. (eds.). Vol. 7. N.Y.: Palgrave, Macmillan. P. 647-651.